Remittances and GDP Dynamics in 11 Developing Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and PMG Techniques

Anupam, Das
Murshed, Chowdhury
Publication date: 
JEL codes: 
C33 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series, F24 - Remittances, F43 - Economic Growth of Open Economies.
Despite a plethora of research, the role of remittances on economic growth is yet to be understood. Is there any long run relationship between remittances and GDP? This paper contributes to the literature by answering this question for 11 top remittance-recipient developing countries. These countries are: Bangladesh, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gambia, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Lesotho, Philippines, Senegal and Sri Lanka. Using recently developed econometric techniques, i.e., panel cointegration and pooled mean group (PMG) approach; our results support a positive long run relationship between remittances and GDP. However, the magnitude of the remittance-GDP coefficient is rather quite small. We hypothesize that remittances may be used to increase consumption in these economies. Our results also imply that developing countries should formulate policies to divert this external resource into more productive sectors.
Full text PDF file: