Migration and Sustainable Development in the Context of Globalization

Mirela Diaconescu
Andreea Oana Enache
Paula Munteanu
JEL codes: 
C10 - General, F22 - International Migration, F60 - General, O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration, Q01 - Sustainable Development.
Globalization represents for some people freedoms, while for others it is a destiny to be rewritten through great human sacrifices. As a result of globalization, migration has triggered political tensions in many parts of the world, which has led to the need to sign an act aimed at integrating migrants, strengthening their rights and clearly delimiting legal and illegal migration. The controversial act in Marrakech signed in 2018 by over 150 countries is considered a factor that has the role of encouraging the migration phenomenon worldwide. Currently, there are approximately 258 million migrants in the world, which represents 3.4% of the world's population. Of these, approximately 80% are migrants with legal forms. Given that the social factor is one of the three pillars of sustainable development, in this article we will address the migration factor in Romania, developing a critical analysis on the developments undertaken in this regard. We will approach the migration phenomenon, both from the point of view of the indigenous population that leaves Romania, and from the point of view of those who enter and stay in the country, to conclude, in what way, this phenomenon folds under the conditions of sustainable development. We propose that this paper analyze the economic links between the migration phenomenon and sustainable development in Romania, in the context of globalization through an econometric analysis. This econometric model will determine whether or not there are influences on globalization
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