Factors Affecting Bank Profitability in Pakistan

Gul, Sehrish
Irshad, Faiza
Zaman, Khalid
Publication date: 
JEL codes: 
G21 - Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages.
The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between bank-specific and macro-economic characteristics over bank profitability by using data of top fifteen Pakistani commercial banks over the period 2005-2009. This paper uses the pooled Ordinary Least Square (POLS) method to investigate the impact of assets, loans, equity, deposits, economic growth, inflation and market capitalization on major profitability indicators i.e., return on asset (ROA), return on equity(ROE), return on capital employed (ROCE) and net interest margin (NIM) separately. The empirical results have found strong evidence that both internal and external factors have a strong influence on the profitability. The results of the study are of value to both academics and policy makers.
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